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Can hormonal changes in women affect blood pressure levels?

Yes, hormonal changes in women, particularly during menopause, can affect blood pressure levels. Menopause is a natural process that marks the end of a woman's reproductive years and is associated with significant hormonal fluctuations, particularly a decrease in estrogen levels.

Estrogen & Menopause


Estrogen has a protective effect on blood vessels, promoting vasodilation and helping to maintain healthy blood pressure levels. During menopause, the decline in estrogen can lead to changes in blood vessel function, which may contribute to an increase in blood pressure.


Some women may experience a condition called menopausal hypertension, where blood pressure levels rise during or after menopause. This can increase the risk of developing hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.


It is essential for women going through menopause to be aware of these potential changes and to monitor their blood pressure regularly. Lifestyle modifications, such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress reduction, can be beneficial in managing blood pressure during menopause. If needed, healthcare providers may recommend medications to control hypertension and reduce the risk of related complications.


References:

  1. Srivaratharajah, K., & Abramson, B. L. (2019). Hypertension in menopausal women: the effect and role of estrogen. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 26(4), 428–430. https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000001304

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