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Can cognitive decline be prevented or slowed?

Cognitive decline can be influenced by various factors, and while it may not always be entirely preventable, there is evidence to suggest that certain strategies can help slow down its progression. Lifestyle modifications, such as adopting a brain-healthy diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids, staying physically and mentally active, getting quality sleep, and managing stress, have all been linked to improved cognitive health. Regular social engagement and maintaining strong social connections can also play a protective role.

One notable study, the FINGER trial (Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability), demonstrated that a combination of lifestyle interventions, including diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk management, had a positive impact on cognitive function and could potentially slow cognitive decline in at-risk individuals (Ngandu et al., 2015).

While these strategies show promise, it's important to consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice, especially for individuals at higher risk of cognitive decline due to factors like genetics or underlying health conditions.


  1. Ngandu, T., Lehtisalo, J., Solomon, A., Levälahti, E., Ahtiluoto, S., Antikainen, R., ... & Kivipelto, M. (2015). A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 385(9984), 2255-2263.

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