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What are the risk factors for developing hypertension?

The risk factors for developing hypertension include:

  • Age

  • Family history of high blood pressure

  • Being overweight or obese

  • Physical inactivity

  • Excessive salt intake

  • Excessive alcohol consumption

  • Smoking

  • Stress

  • Certain medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease

Hypertension can also be more prevalent in certain ethnic groups. Early recognition and management of these risk factors are crucial in preventing and controlling hypertension.


  1. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2021). High blood pressure (hypertension): Risk factors. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from:

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