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What are the other forms of anemia?

Anemia is a condition characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells or a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin, which can result in reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Aside from iron deficiency anemia, there are several other forms and causes of anemia.


Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia


Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia occurs when there is inadequate intake or absorption of vitamin B12, leading to impaired red blood cell production.


Folate Deficiency Anemia


Folate deficiency anemia is caused by insufficient folate intake or absorption.


Aplastic Anemia


This is a rare condition characterized by the inability of the bone marrow to produce enough red blood cells, often due to bone marrow damage or certain medications.


Hemolytic Anemia


Hemolytic anemia occurs when red blood cells are prematurely destroyed, either due to inherited conditions, autoimmune disorders, or certain medications.


Other Diseases


Additionally, chronic diseases such as kidney disease or cancer can lead to anemia due to various mechanisms, including decreased production of red blood cells or increased destruction. It's important to diagnose the specific cause of anemia through medical evaluation and appropriate laboratory tests to determine the most suitable treatment approach.

Reference:

  1. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2022). Anemia: Overview. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351360

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