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Are artificial sweeteners healthy?

Artificial sweeteners, also known as non-nutritive sweeteners, provide few or no calories and can be a useful tool for people with diabetes who are looking to control their blood sugar or manage their weight. They can serve as an alternative to sugar for sweetening food and drinks without contributing to a rise in blood glucose levels. However, while these sweeteners can help decrease overall calorie and carbohydrate intake, they are not a silver bullet for weight loss or diabetes management, and should be used as part of a balanced diet. Some studies also suggest potential benefits in oral health, as many artificial sweeteners do not contribute to tooth decay. However, these sweeteners are not health food and their long-term effects are not fully known, so moderation is key.


  1. Gardner, C., Wylie-Rosett, J., Gidding, S. S., et al. (2012). Nonnutritive Sweeteners: Current Use and Health Perspectives. Diabetes Care, 35(8), 1798-1808.

  2. American Diabetes Association. (2018). Lifestyle Management: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2018. Diabetes Care, 41(Supplement 1), S38-S50.

  3. Moynihan, P., & Petersen, P. E. (2004). Diet, nutrition and the prevention of dental diseases. Public Health Nutrition, 7(1a), 201-226.

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